Tajikistan is a mountainous country in Central Asia. It borders Afghanistan to the South, Uzbekistan to the West, Kyrgyzstan to the North and China to the East. Tajikistan population majorly belongs to the ethnic group who shares the culture and history with the Iranian peoples and Uzbek people and their official language is Tajik. In the 20th Century, Tajikistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union and is commonly known as the Soviet Socialist republic. Subsequent to Independence, Tajikistan had to suffer a disastrous civil war which lasted from the year 1992 to 1997.By the end of the war, newly-established political stability and foreign aid has permitted the country’s economy to grow. By area, Tajikistan is the smallest nation in Central Asia. It is densely covered by mountains of the Pamir range and fifty percent of the country is above sea level. It has more than 900 rivers which are 10 kilometers long.